Welcome to Day 5.
Today we will be looking at the role of lecture recordings and how we can use them as a tool for enhancing teaching. Many of you will already be using Echo360 recordings in your courses. These recordings are usually automatically capturing anything you display on the screens during your lecture along with whatever you are saying during the lecture.
There has been a lot of research and discussion on the value of lecture recordings and how much of them get watched by students, if at all! The following article ‘Characterizaion of Catch-up Behaviour: Accession of Lecture Capture Videos Following Student Absenteeism.’ Many students watch or review lecture recordings for a number of reasons. These could include:
- Reviewing of an area of the lecture they want to clarify understanding of
- Revision for exams
- They may have missed the lecture
- They speak English as a second language and need to review content
The following article by Bennet and Maniar, ‘Are Videoed Lectures an Effective Teaching Tool? ‘ also further outlines some of the benefits lecture recordings can have for students.
In the following short video from Concordia University, staff discuss the benefits they have found in using lecture capture.
Having these recordings gives you a great resource that you can continue to use in your lectures. In this session we are going to look at ways that we can maximise lecture recordings and develop an artefact that becomes a reusable resource for you to use in your course.
Lecture videos can have value to student learning but there are things we can do to make them more usable and engaging for students and make them a valuable part of your teaching practice. The following article from the University of Queensland looks at some of the Pedagogical benefits of using video.
Here a few more articles you may also like to read about the value of the lecture video
- ‘Using Online Video Lectures to Enrich Traditional Face-to –Face Courses’
- ‘Revitalizing the Live Lecture Class With Instructor-Created Videos’
- ‘Learning from Online Video Lectures’
Speaking to the invisible audience
Often when lecturing we forget that we have a whole other audience out there watching on the recording. We have noticed a number of posts in the forums over the last few days about the issues of lecture capture recordings and how to lecture to the recording while delivering your face to face lecture, especially if you are incorporating active learning strategies in your lecture. There are a few simple strategies that can be used to help those watching the recording and the way in which you deliver your lecture will impact the final recording. Thinking about some strategies will help produce a quality final product.
- Repeat the question if someone asks a question from the audience, so that it is captured on the audio.
- If you are pointing or demonstrating something explain what you are doing
- If you are doing a group or discussion activity explain what is happening through the microphone. You could put up a slide with the activity for those watching the recording and then get them to post their discussion ideas in a forum
- If there is period of silence while classroom activity is happening you can go into the recording after the lecture and cut that section out
- Creating slides as part of your lecture that give instructions for those watching the recording so they know what is happening
Enhancing your Echo recordings
Most Echo360 lecture capture recordings currently capture the screen in your lecture theatre onto which your power point slides have been project or anything else you may have shown on the screen such as a website etc and your audio and what you have been saying in the lecture. This recording is then processed and is available to your students through the Echo block located within your course.
As well as the classroom capture system we also have Echo360 Personal Capture (PCAP) system which allows you to make recordings on your computer from your desk. You could use PCAP to make a quick, more targeted recording and add it to your course.
There are a few strategies that you can use to make these recordings more usable for students and at the same time create a re-usable asset that you can re-use.
Some of these include:
- Going through the recording and edit out any silences or blank spaces, cut out any irrelevant conversation.
- Focus on the parts of the video that contain the key points or messages you wanted to get across in your lecture, you could retain these key sections and break them down into a number of smaller, more watchable recordings that you can use
- Have a section of the recording and then add a slide into it in which you might have a question on it, students could then answer the question and discuss it in a forum
- Pose questions in your video for students to think about
- If you are doing an activity in the classroom or having a class discussion allow time for those watching to think of answers or points
- In your Wattle (Moodle) site you can put a number of resources associated with your recording for that weeks lecture such as:
- PowerPoint slides
- A PDF document of the lecture
- A forum or chat room in which students can discuss the lecture
- A short formative assessment task, such as a quiz or feedback questionnaire in which they can test their knowledge of the topic
- Any links to resources or further readings
The image below illustrates how you could set out your Moodle course to integrate activities alongside your lecture recording.
In your current Echo recordings you can also use the heat map for your lecture recordings to see which sections of the video are being re-watched by students – this could be because it was a section of the lecture they did not understand. You could use this as a guide to editing your recordings and just use the sections that were key to students and maybe develop some quizzes questions around that.
Here are some resources you may find useful for editing your Echo360 lecture recordings:
Don’t forget to consider copyright!
Another thing to keep in mind is Copyright – ensure that material you are using and displaying in lectures is copyright compliant, such as images and video you may be using in your lecture that might be captured by the recording. More information about copyright can be found here.
The following links are extra resources you may like to look at about the use of lecture video capture in courses.
- ‘Assessing Student Performance and Perceptions in Lecture Capture vs Face-to-Face Course Delivery’
- ‘Teaching Principles to the Masses: Assessing Student Performance in Lecture Capture vs Face-to–Face Course Delivery’
- ‘How Video Production Affects Student Engagement: An Empirical Study of MOOC Videos’
- ‘What Makes an Online Instructional Video Compelling?’
- ‘Video : How to Improve Learning Outcomes Using Lecture Capture’
- ‘Promoting Asynchronous Activity in Blended Learning Environments’
- ‘Active Learning’ Griffith University Learning Futures
- ‘The New Imperative for Lecture Capture Systems in Higher Education’
- University of Hull Teaching Enhancement Learning Resources
- S. Chandra, ‘Experiences in Personal Lecture Video Capture’
Many of you would have used Echo360 recordings in your courses or used video as a teaching tool. Please post your experiences or thoughts in the forum.
- What has been your experience of recordings? Have you found it useful?
- Do you think it does affect attendance to lectures?
- What makes a good educational video? How is this different from (or similar to) lecture recordings?