Video in Teaching and Learning -Part 2
Written by Sherry Lo and Jill Lyall, ANU Online
Welcome back to Part II of the Video coffee course series. In the post today, we will talk about the pre-production planning before video creation to save you time in the process.
Planning your video makes you consider what student learning outcomes you hope to achieve from the video. You start to structure your video clip through thinking out objectives, concepts you would like to cover, and a structure for presenting this. Careful planning can result in quicker video production, with less need to stop and start when filming. This reduces the tedious time spent editing the final clip.
Here is an example of Content Creation Cycle for educational videos. It demonstrates a circular process for you to keep improving video production.
The post from Education Video offers several good points for planning:
- what content/topics will you cover in your video?
- what copyright rules do you have to follow?
- what tone will you use for your video (serious, silly, witty, scary, a combination)?
- how long will the video be?
- what footage will you use (live action, screencasting, images, animations, etc.)?
- where do you plan to shoot the video (office, studio, outdoor)?
- where are you hosting your video (Blakboard, SeneMA, YouTube)? who do you want to access your video (your class, Senecans, the general public) – this will be discussed in more details in Day 9 of this coffee course.
Part of the planning includes scripting and story boarding. In movie making or professional videos, scripts and storyboards are two separate steps with great details in each. However, for the lecturer-created educational videos, i.e. videos conveying information, there is some overlap of scripting and story boarding. In our post, we will keep them separate but targeted at the level for creating educational videos.
Scripts and storyboards
Thornhill et al (2002, p. 27) offers a good way to determine whether you need a storyboard or a script.
- What do you want to say? You may need a script.
- What do you want to show? You may need a storyboard.
“A script is a detailed transcript including additional instructions and timings,” according to Thornhill et al (2002, p. 27),
As pointed out on Education Video, “while a script isn’t as flashy as the visuals, it’s the gas that will power your video’s audio and visuals. Without a great script, you can’t have a great video.”
There are a number of ways to create scripts. You can have detailed scripts or have just brief talking points or prompt sheet.
In general, the key points in a script include:
- Hook/Opening – use a short sentence to catch your students’ attention and make it sound as interesting as you can.
- Intro/Premise – explain the idea you are trying to sell
- Body – go into the details of the idea
- Question/Call to action – ask the students to think of the answer or perform certain actions
- Close – Summarise the key point and tie back to the premise
Other tips to keep in mind are:
- Limit to one or two key ideas per video – easier for students to review and access later.
- Write conversationally – write it like you are explaining it to your friend. Aim to write for the ear, not for the eye.
- Use simple words – if you need to use jargon, consider adding text to the video during the editing phase.
- Rehearse before filming – practice by reading the script out loud. This will help you to identify if it sounds natural or if the point is clear. This will be covered more in Day 8 of this coffee course.
Here is a video about how to write a speech outline. I find many relevant points can be applied to making educational videos.
How to write a speech outline (2min 33sec)
This video talks more on business videos but it has lots of good points, which can apply to educational videos. Please note there is no endorsement for any paid service mentioned in this video.
How I Create My Training Videos & Presentations (5min 15sec)
Here are a few templates that you can use to script or adapt as a storyboard:
- Sample with no tables
- Sample with tables
- Template for a “welcome to the course/intro to MySeneca” video
A storyboard is a sequence of sketches with text descriptions showing the layout of each shot (Thornhill et al 2002). A storyboard is a tool for helping you craft your objectives, concepts and structure into a coherent video clip that has a beginning, middle and end, and is logical and easy to follow. In addition, your storyboard can become a template for future productions, with small adjustments to suit the purpose. A storyboard helps you visualise your material on a screen over time. There are numerous tools and techniques for creating storyboarding. You can simply work on whiteboard or butchers paper to set out the conceptual material you wish to cover – starting with a mind map, for example. You can then progress to envisage how this will translate to a screen over time, possibly using squares to jot some main points, diagrams and even stick figures to represent segments of the video.
Storyboard is useful when you have different scenes or shots in a video. For educational videos, you may not have many different shots or the need to zoom in or out. If you are using a mix of screen capture and talking head or other video clips, storyboard will help you organise when to switch to what screen. If you are working with a group, it will also help you to explain what you intend to produce and to get others on the same page.
One of the most commonly used tools for storyboarding is PowerPoint. PowerPoint is already set up to provide separate windows for different concepts, where you an add text, images and shapes to work out your concepts. It also have a number of different views that can be useful for visualising.
Padlet is an example of an online brainstorming tool that could be used for storyboarding. It would be particularly useful if you are collaborating in a group to create you storyboard.
Activity: Share your script or storyboard for a video you’d like to create on this Padlet.
Join us for a face-to-face session
Friday, 8 September, 12-1pm, Chancelry Building #10, 10 East Road – meet in the Lobby
We invite you to a hands-on session where you can learn more about and practise presenting on camera in the SCAPA Professional Media Studio. Jamie Kidston from SCAPA will also be on hand to share his tips. Please RSVP to: Karlene.firstname.lastname@example.org if you are able to attend. View the campus map for directions.
References and additional resources:
Thornhill, S., Asensio, M., & Young, C. (2002). “Video Streaming: a guide for educational development.” Available at: https://www.scribd.com/document/24123319/Video-Streaming-a-guide-for-educational-development